Rome2rio makes travelling from Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus to Tirupati easy. The station's name was changed to Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (station code CST) in March 1996 to honour Shivaji, the 17th-century founder of the Maratha Empire, whose name is often preceded by Chhatrapati, a royal title. Officially renamed as Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus in 1998, it is still popularly known as VT (Victoria Terminus). Other articles where Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus is discussed: Mumbai: City layout: …still stand today—most notably the Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (formerly Victoria Terminus), the city’s main train station and headquarters of India’s Central Railway company. The Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus, formerly known as Victoria Terminus Station, in Mumbai, is an outstanding example of Victorian Gothic Revival architecture in India, blended with themes deriving from Indian traditional architecture. Although Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus is a working railway station, with thousands of passengers passing through every day, many people come simply to check out its ornate exterior, which features a jungle theme covered with monkeys, peacocks, and other critters. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus; Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus. Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus Area, This page was last edited on 19 January 2021, at 09:48. Sahapedia offers encyclopedic content on India’s vast and diverse heritage in multimedia format, authored by scholars and curated by experts to creatively engage with culture and history … The stone arches are covered with carved foliage and grotesques. Historical Places in Maharashtra For A Time-Travelling Experience. The station is also called VT (as short-form of V ictoria T erminus) or CST (as short-form of C hhatrapati Shivaji Terminus). Page 1 of 4 - About 36 essays. The new railway station was built on the location of the Bo… The history behind the construction of the “Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus”: This magnificent terminus as seen today was constructed in the year 1887 in Bori Bundar in the city of Mumbai. Art & Culture. ... Archaeological Sites in India For A Quick History Recap. Built in 1888, the station is a grand reminder of the British Raj in India and still one of the most historical landmarks within the Central Business District of Mumbai. https://www.gosahin.com/places-to-visit/chhatrapati-shivaji-maharaj-terminus Designed by the British architect F. W. Stevens, CST is an outstanding example of Victorian Gothic Revival architecture in India, blended with themes deriving from Indian traditional architecture. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus is one of the World Heritage Sites in India. This happened only weeks after Bombay was renamed Mumbai by the Shiv Sena-Bhartiya Janata Party–led state government in Maharashtra. Located in the heart of Mumbai, the CST is also a 'World Heritage Site' declared by UNESCO in 2004. Rome2rio is a door-to-door travel information and booking engine, helping you get to and from any location in the world. Maharashtrians celebrate this day as Shiv Jayanti or Shivaji Jayanti with great enthusiasm till date.. Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj, img credits The early life of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Click on an image to view in full screen. The structure represents the heart of the mercantile facet of the city and also symbolizes the British Commonwealth. The columns of the entrance gates are crowned by figures of a lion (representing Great Britain) and a tiger (representing India). Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (CST), formerly known as Victoria Terminus (VT), is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and a historic railway station located in the heart of Mumbai. The architecture is inspired by Victorian Italianate Gothic Revival and Mughal styles. The railway station was built to replace the Bori Bunder railway station, in the Bori Bunder area of Bombay, a prominent port and warehouse area known for its imports and exports. [8] The expansion was checked in 1761 by the Afghans in the Third Battle of Panipat, and the empire defeated by the British in 1817–18 in the Third Anglo-Maratha War. The city got the sobriquet of ‘Gothic City’ due to this magnificent building’s architectural style. [18] Outside, there are statues representing Commerce, Agriculture, Engineering and Science, with a statue representing Progress on the central dome of the station. It was during the British Rule that it was re-designed by F. W. Stevens, who named it Victoria Terminus (VT), after the then-reigning Queen Victoria. Art & Culture. Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus, a UNESCO World Heritage Site and also a historic railway station serving as the headquarters of Central Railways of India, is a spectacular structure of Mumbai. Chha­tra­p­ati Shiv­aji Terminus (CST) for­merly known as Vic­to­ria Ter­mi­nus is a his­toric rail­way sta­tion and a UN­ESCO World Her­itage Site in Mum­bai, Ma­ha­rash­tra, India which serves as the head­quar­ters of the Cen­tral Rail­ways. The terminus was designed by British born … The building exhibits a fusion of influences from Victorian Italianate Gothic Revival architecture and classical Indian architecture. Its walls were lined with glazed tiles made by Maw & Co of Britain. It was built in 1888 during British colonial rule. (To learn about the important milestones in the history of Victoria Terminus, see also the interview with Jim Masselos.) The marvellous structure is the perfect example of the Victorian-Gothic style of architecture in India and was built in 1878. During its construction, a marble statue of Queen Victoria was installed in the main façade of the building, in a canopy under the clock. The attacks began around 21:30 when the two men entered the passenger hall and opened fire,[23][24] The attackers killed 58 people and injured 104 others,[24] their assault ending at about 22:45 after they exited the station via the North FOB towards the west to Cama hospital back entrance. Stevens, the structure became a symbol of Bombay (Mumbai). The station took ten years to complete,[15] the longest for any building of that era in Bombay. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus: History... - See 4,503 traveler reviews, 1,885 candid photos, and great deals for Mumbai, India, at Tripadvisor. It also hosts a Centralized Database of Indian Railways Trains & Stations, and provides crowd … In addition to the 18 railway lines, the CST is also home to the main headquarters, the Star Chamber, grotesques and the North Wing. A Right to Information report was filed, but had no records of the missing statue being exported out of India. Did you know? Work began in 1878. In 2017, the station was again renamed Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus (code CSTM), where Maharaj is also a royal title. This happened only weeks after Bombay was renamed Mumbai by the Shiv Sena-Bhartiya Janata Party–led state government in Maharashtra. The side wings enclose the courtyard, which opens on to the street. This famous landmark which has become a symbol of the city, was built as the headquarters of the Great Indian Peninsular Railway. It was built in 1888 during British colonial rule. Externally, the wood carving, tiles, ornamental iron and brass railings, grills for the ticket offices, the balustrades for the grand staircases and other ornaments were the work of students at the Sir Jamsetjee Jeejebhoy School of Art. [21][22], On 26 November 2008, two terrorists entered the passenger hall of the CST, opened fire and threw grenades at people. One of the terrorists, Ajmal Kasab, was later caught alive by the police and identified by eyewitnesses. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus: History ill-preserved - See 4,503 traveler reviews, 1,885 candid photos, and great deals for Mumbai, India, at Tripadvisor. Till date, the day is celebrated as Shiv Jayanti with great rigour and traditional style by Maharashtrians. The centrally domed office structure has a 330-foot-long platform connected to a 1,200-foot-long train shed, and its outline provides the skeleton plan for the building. The station was designed by Frederick William Stevens, a British born engineer architect, attached to the Bombay office of the Indian colonial Public Works Department. The main structure is made of sandstone and limestone, and the interiors of the station are lined with premium quality Italian marble. Shivaji Maharaj was born on 19 th February 1627 (or 1630) in the famous Shivneri Fort situated in Pune, Maharashtra. This famous landmark which has become a symbol of the city, was built as the headquarters of the Great Indian Peninsular Railway. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus – 1996 More than 100 years after it was built, in 1996, Victoria Terminus was renamed Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus after the Maratha warrior king Shivaji (1627/30–1680). It also hosts a Centralized Database of Indian Railways Trains & Stations, and provides crowd-sourced IRCTC Train … Although Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus is a working railway station, with thousands of passengers passing through every day, many people come simply to check out its ornate exterior, which features a jungle theme covered with monkeys, peacocks, and other critters. UNESCO World Heritage Site (Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (formerly Victoria Terminus), on developments in architecture or technology, monumental arts, town-planning or landscape design, object illustrates significant stage in human history, 2004–) Heritage inventory of Indian Railways Indian tricolour lights up Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus, BMC headquarters and Mantralaya on the eve of Republic Day Jan 26, 2021, 06:56PM IST Source: etimes.in The façades present the appearance of well-proportioned rows of windows and arches. Find all the transport options for your trip from Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus to Tirupati right here. The moment you step in at CST, you will notice that the structure is a unique and interesting blend of Hindu, Islamic and Victorian styles, which is represented through its turrets, stained-glass windows, spires and buttresses. Mumbai Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus (station code: CSTM /ST ()), also known by its former name Mumbai Victoria Terminus (until 1996) and Mumbai Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (until 2017) (station code: BBVT/VT), is a historic terminal train station and UNESCO World Heritage Site in Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus, formerly known as Victoria Terminus, is the most important train station & heritage building situated in Dadabhai Naoroji Road in Mumbai. [18] The symbol of Progress, another statue, featured on the top of the dome, is often mistaken for that of Queen Victoria. [10], Shivaji's name is often preceded by "Chhatrapati", a title with literal meaning, "a king dignified by the emblem of a parasol; a great king. History . In the past, ‘Bori Bandar’ station, located in Eastern Mumbai, was the main station for all commercial and trade activities in the city. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus, Mumbai Formerly known as Victoria Terminus, Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus has a long history since its establishment in 1887, witnessing Indian’s long history of being colonized by British. The building, … Ornate, imposing, and grand — Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus in Mumbai, India, is more than just a train station. The terminus was designed by British born … The ornamentation in the form of statuary, bas-reliefs, and friezes is exuberant yet well controlled. (Photo: Bhushan Koyande/HT) art culture Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus [16] The style of the station is also similar to other public buildings of the 1870s in Bombay, such as the Elphinstone College but especially the buildings of Bombay University, also designed by G G Scott. Chhatrapati Shivaji, revered as Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj, was a great Maratha ruler. The facility has 58 beds for men and 20 for women. Designed by the British architect F.W. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus Decorated with Lights (Source) All Photos of Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus . The city got the sobriquet of ‘Gothic City’ due to this magnificent building’s architectural style. Mumbai Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus (station code: CSTM /ST ()), also known by its former name Mumbai Victoria Terminus (until 1996) and Mumbai Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (until 2017) (station code: BBVT/VT), is a historic terminal train station and UNESCO World Heritage Site in Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.. On the … The Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus was formerly known as Victoria Terminus. However, the terminus was functional even before it was completely built as the first train that left this place was during 1853. The founder of the Maratha Kingdom, Shivaji was born to be a natural leader and fighter on 19th February, 1630 in the prestigious Shivneri Fort. In fact, the railway station, which still functions as usual, waas a World Heritage Site under UNESCO … The station stands as an example of 19th-century railway architectural marvels for its advanced structural and technical solutions. The Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus (CSMT), a historic railway station formerly known as Victoria Terminus, functions as the headquarters of the Central Railway and is … The station was built in 1887. Let’s take a look at his life history, Maratha Empire, administration and achievements. Click on an image to view in full screen. In March 1996 the station's name was changed to "Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus" (with station code CST) after Shivaji, the 17th-century warrior chieftain who employed guerrilla tactics to contest the declining Mughal Empire and found a new state in the western Marathi-speaking regions of the Deccan Plateau. The station's name was changed to Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (station code CST) in March 1996 to honour Shivaji, the 17th-century founder of the Maratha Empire, whose name is often preceded by Chhatrapati, a royal title. Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus is a historic railway station in the city of Mumbai, India. Although Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus is a working railway station, with thousands of passengers passing through every day, many people come simply to check out its ornate exterior, which features a jungle theme covered with monkeys, peacocks, and other critters. Ornate, imposing, and grand — Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus in Mumbai, India, is more than just a train station. India Rail Info is a Busy Junction for Travellers & Rail Enthusiasts. This article is based on the module on the Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus by Mumbai-based researcher Subuhi Jiwani onwww.sahapedia.org, an open online resource on the arts, cultures and heritage of India. 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